HIRA

외국약가 참조기준 개선 관련 국가별 약가구조 검토: 공장도출하가 산출식을 중심으로

  • 1043
  • 215
Metadata Downloads
Type
Review Article
Author(s)
주진한김병수윤상헌
Issued Date
2022-11-30
Keyword
External reference pricingEx-factory pricePharmacy pricing formula
Abstract
Upon coverage of a new drug by National Health Insurance in the Republic of Korea, the A-7 pricing is used as a reference for pharmaceutical benefit assessment. However, improvements need to be made regarding a specific formula currently used for the conversion of drug prices because the formula used to obtain the percentages is outdated and there is insufficient evidence on how the percentages were derived. In this study, the characteristics of 10 countries that have implemented external reference pricing and factors that affect drug prices such as profit margins for wholesalers and pharmacies, value-added tax (VAT), and rebates were examined with a focus on ex-factory price (EFP). In addition, we calculated EFP through conversion from each country’s drug prices, compared EFP with the pharmacy purchase prices, and based on the above, drew implications for improving the foreign drug price reference values. Our results showed EFP to be publicly available in six countries (United States, France, Italy, Switzerland, Canada, and Australia) and to fall between 58% (United States) and 92% (Canada) of the pharmacy sales prices. Conversion to EFP was possible for drug prices in Germany, the United Kingdom, and Japan, as information such as pharmacy sales prices, profit margins for wholesalers and pharmacies, and VAT is made public. However, only the pharmacy sales prices, not the profit margins for wholesalers, were available in Taiwan. Foreign drug prices referenced are not adopted as-is but serve as meaningful reference values based on which reasonable drug prices can be decided. Therefore, reference values should be precise and transparent, and from such a perspective, EFP may be more suitable as data resources than pharmacy purchase prices. Furthermore, consideration should be given to adding Canada and Australia to the current list of seven reference countries, and information on the drug pricing structure of other countries should be updated periodically.
Publisher
심사평가연구소
DOI
10.52937/hira.22.2.2.e8
URI
https://repository.hira.or.kr/handle/2019.oak/3025
Alternative Title
A Review of Foreign Pharmaceutical Pricing Structure: Focusing on an Drug Price Formula Based on Ex-factory Prices
Publisher
심사평가연구소
Location
KOR
Citation
주진한 et al. (20221130). 외국약가 참조기준 개선 관련 국가별 약가구조 검토: 공장도출하가 산출식을 중심으로. HIRA Research, 2(2), 160–173. doi: 10.52937/hira.22.2.2.e8
ISSN
2765-6764
Appears in Collections:
HIRA 발간 > 1. HIRA Research
Authorize & License
  • Authorize공개
Files in This Item:

열람하신 정보에 대해 만족하십니까?

Comment

Items in Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.